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Functional design – plant layout

Production and assembly lines

Correct planning and design start with a needs assessment and mapping the current situation. This includes understanding how the organization operates as well as analyzing the links and connections between departments. In the second phase, an area-level design in principle is carried out to get optimal flow and maximal synergy between the various departments, following which the detailed specification of machine and workstation positioning takes place. 


A typical project includes: 

  • A needs assessment; collecting and analyzing data on the existing situation 

  • Mapping and measuring the existing machines and the working environment they require 

  • Conducting field observations of operations in all departments 

  • Preparing a plan of areas by department / production lines 

  • Analyzing the flow of materials between the different departments 

  • Examining the synergy of activities between the different departments 

  • Examining the utilization of employees in the different departments – in terms of both the production process and the timeline 

  • Gathering the climatic requirements of the different departments (air-conditioning, lighting, housekeeping, humidity, etc.) 

  • Preparing a Data Summary Report to serve as the basis for the design, presenting it and obtaining the client's approval 

  • Preparing a detailed analysis of activity in all the departments 

  • Mapping the links between the different departments 

  • Examining the efficiency of the existing flow and the possibility of improving it 

  • Examining the options for changing the organizational structure (number and function of departments) in order to streamline the work flow while maintaining quality 

  • Preparing a detailed design of the production layout, including the supplies required for each machine 

  • Preparing a functional specification (Program) of the building and its related systems. This document will form the basis for the architectural design and that of relevant planners

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